• The Industrial Revolution

       Romanticism, Realism, Marxism, liberalism, conservatism, and nationalism. All of these "isms" characterize the Romantic Age of the early 19th century, and all of them are a reaction to the fundamental shift of the Industrial Revolution. Europeans during this period were swept away by the forces let loose during the French Revolution but were hesitant to follow its path knowing what they had reaped.  This tension between the old and the new play out politically, socially, and economically during this period.

    Study Guide - Industrial Revolution
    This study guide covers chapters 20 and 21.  

    Lecture - 1/10/17 Failed to save
    Important Links
      Sturm und Drang
      This site provides a great overview of the "sturm und drang (storm and stress)" musical movement of the Romantic age. It provides clips of various pieces so you can hear what they are talking about.

      This site provides a simple description of Romanticism in all of its iterations.

      This site provides a good discussion of the origins, parts, and outcomes of Romanticism.

      Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Romanticism
      This is a very thorough site that provides and excellent listing and linkage to Romantic primary sources.

      Wikipedia-Karl Marx

      Wikipedia-Revolutions of 1848


      A collection of various Marxist writings and sites.

      Music of the Romantics

      You are listening to the first movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's Fifth symphony.  This is a classic example of the "Storm and Stress" (Sturm und Drang) style of classical music during the Romantic Age. 

      Music Videos of the Romantic Age

      William Blakes's poem "Jerusalem" the unofficial national anthem of England, sung by Charlotte Church