• Early Modern Economics and Culture, 
    (1450 C.E. to 1750 C.E.)

    During the early modern period, 1450 - 1750, Asia experienced the rebirth of a Chinese empire, the growth of new empires in the Middle East and South Asia, but also the closing of Japan.  This inability to recognize the threat the European traders posed to their states and cultures, would eventually spell their doom. Africa and Latin America occupied a subordinate position to Europe during the early Modern Period. Both developed coercive labor systems, with Russia developing an extreme form of serfdom. Africa served as a source of slaves for the growing demands of the plantation economies being established in Latin America, while Latin America served as a source of goods, particularly silver and sugar. This dramatic re-orientation of each continent's focus had tremendous political, social, and cultural impact