Writing Program

    Six traits is the writing program used by teachers and students at the East Aurora Middle School. A trait can be defined as a quality or characteristic critical to successful performance. Just as there are traits for good ice skating (balance, grace, technical skill and so on), there are traits for good writing. The traits for good writing include ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency and conventions. Traits give the writer a clear picture of what to do to revise their writing – making it the best it can be.

    The purpose of using Six Traits at
    the East Aurora Middle School is to give teachers and students the same language and expectations of writing. We want students to transfer the writing skills they have developed in their Language Arts classes to writing whenever it’s used, not just within their language arts experience.


    The ideas are the heart of the message, the content of the piece, the main theme, together with the details that enrich and develop that theme. A paper with good ideas is clear, focused, and holds the reader’s attention. Ideas are at the heart of the message. They are the reason we are writing.


    Organization is the internal structure of the piece of writing, the thread of the central meaning, the logistical and sometimes intriguing pattern of the ideas. Organization gives direction to all writing by drawing the reader in. It enhances and showcases the central theme or storyline. Everything fits together like a puzzle, leaving the reader with something to think about.


    The voice is the heart and soul, the magic, the wit, along with the feeling and conviction of the individual writer coming out through the words. Voice gives writing personality, flavor and style. In a paper with strong voice, the writer speaks directly to the reader and is sensitive to the reader’s needs.

    Word Choice

    Word choice is the use of rich, colorful, precise language that moves and enlightens the reader. Word choice enriches our writing and makes it almost come alive. Precise words add energy and clarity. Words convey the intended message in a clear, interesting and natural way.

    Sentence Fluency

    Sentence fluency is the rhythm and flow of the language, the sound of word patterns, the way in which writing plays to the ear – not just to the eye. Sentence fluency gives our writing rhythm with an easy flow when read aloud. Sentences are clear and powerful. As our writing skills grow, we learn new ways to “sculpt” our writing.


    Conventions are the mechanical correctness of the piece – spelling, grammar and usage, paragraphing, and use of capitals and punctuation. Once our writing is revised, we are ready to edit and proofread. It’s like wrapping a package – we want to prepare our writing so others can read and enjoy it. Conventions deal with fixing our work (e.g. grammar, capitalization, punctuation, usage, spelling, paragraphing) so that our work is as error free as possible.

    What Parents Can Do To Help?

    • Provide writing materials like paper of all kinds, pens, pencils, post-its-whatever will invite your child to explore writing in original, colorful ways.
    • Provide a print – rich environment. Fill your child’s world with books, magazines, newspapers, and writing you have created.
    • Write notes. Write a personal note and tuck it into your child’s book bag or lunch box. This can be a wonderful surprise and perhaps you will get a note back. Writing doesn’t always have to be big or formal.
    • Write together. Let your child choose a topic. Free write together for five minutes, and then share the results. See what different directions your writing took.
    • Prepare invitations. If you have a special occasion coming up, let your child prepare the invitations or announcements.
    • Share how you write on the job. Do you write as part of your job? Almost every occupation writes something. Share how important writing is at your workplace.
    • Be a writer yourself and get help from your child. Let your child see how you enjoy writing. Talk about the kinds of writing you enjoy the most. Have your child begin the writing process. Ask: How should we begin? Is this too long or wordy? Should we use a word here? Should we rewrite the ending?
    • Share your child’s writing (with his/her permission). This could mean helping your child publish a piece or simply sharing with a relative or friend. This broadens you’re your child’s audience but also sends the message that you are proud!
    • Create a photo album or scrapbook. Create a scrapbook called ”a year in the life of…” and have your child write captions describing the photos. Work with your child to create a short introduction to the book.