• Sound Rules

    abc block

    a

    Short a is found at the beginning or middle of a word

    apple cat


    i

    Short i is found at the beginning or middle of a word

    igloo pig


    o

    Short o is found at the beginning or middle of a word

    octopus pop

    x

    The letter x makes the /ks/ sound at the end of a word

    box fox


    ay

    ay makes the long a sound and is always at the end of a word

    day say


    u

    Short u is found at the beginning or middle of a word

    umbrella sun


    ee

    ee makes the long e sound in the middle of a word or end of a word

    tree feet


    e

    Short e is found at the beginning or middle of a word

    elephant jet


    sh

    sh makes the /sh/ sound in the beginning of a word and end of a word after a short vowel

    ship wish

    fszl Rule

    Double the final f, s, z, l after a short vowel at the end of a word

    puff pass jazz well


    ck

    -ck makes the /ck/sound at the end of a word after a short vowel

    black stick

    qu

    The letter q is always followed by u and found in the beginning of a word

    quit quack queen


    s blends

    -st -sp -sm -sn -sc -sw

    Examples: stuck steel speed smash snap

    snack scab sweet


    l blends

    -bl -cl -fl -pl -gl -sl

    Examples: black clip flush plan glad slot


    r blends

    -cr -tr -fr -dr -br -pr -gr

    Examples: crab trap fresh drip brass prom greet


    y

    When y comes at the end of a short word, it has the long i sound

    cry fly by

    e

    When e comes at the end of a short word, it has the long e sound

    me he she

    o

    When o comes at the end of a short word, it has the long o sound

    no go so


    ch

    ch makes the /ch/ sound in the beginning of a word and at the end of a word after a short vowel

    chip chin much rich


    or

    or makes the /or/ sound in the middle of a word or end of a word

    for born sort

    all

    all makes the /all/ sound at the end of a word

    wall call


    th

    th makes the /th/ sound at the beginning of a word and at the end of a word after a short vowel

    thick thin with math

    _ng

    found at the end of a word - (ing, ang, ong, ung)

    wing sang long hung


    oy

    oy is usually at the end of a word

    boy joy


    ar

    ar makes the /ar/ sound at the middle of a word or end of a word

    car dark yard


    wh

    The letters /wh/ always come at the beginning of a word

    wheel whiz whip


    _nk

    found at the end of the word - (ink ank onk unk)


    rink bank honk bunk


    oo
    /oo/ usually comes in the middle of a word


    moon boost food