Image result for clip art readingNYS ELA
    There are two parts to our ELA curriculum: 

     The Core Knowledge Skills Strand focuses on the sounds, or phonemes, rather than letters. During this time, we are focused on decoding skills in reading and writing.

    The Core Knowledge Language Arts Listening and Learning Strand is designed to help students build the background knowledge and vocabulary critical to listening and reading comprehension.

     The two strands complement each other, building the requisite decoding and comprehension skills that comprise fluent, mature reading.

       Skills Strand 
    The Skills Strand teaches the mechanics of reading–students are taught systematic and explicit phonics instruction as their primary tool for decoding written English. By the end of grade 2, students have learned all of the sound‐spelling correspondences in the English language and are able to decode written material they encounter. In addition to phonics, students also are taught spelling, grammar, and writing during the Skills Strand. 
    Beginning in Kindergarten, students are first taught the Basic Code for each of the 44 phonemes. The Basic Code spelling for a sound is usually the most common, or the least ambiguous, spelling for a sound. By learning these letter-sound correspondences first, students experience a high degree of predictability, and therefore success, in decoding words with these spellings.  Basic Code spellings may be single letters, such as these spellings and sounds: ‘a’ > /a/, ‘e’ > /e/, ‘b’ > /b/,
    ‘m’ > /m/. Basic Code spellings may also include digraphs or two letters to represent a sound, such as ‘ee’ > /ee/,‘oy’ > /oi/, ‘ou’ > /ow/, ‘sh’ > /sh/, ‘th’ > /th/. Other Basic Code spellings include separated digraphs, such as ‘a_e’ > /ae/, ‘o_e’ > /oe/.
    The Advanced Code consists of all other spelling alternatives (over 100) that may be used to spell the 44 phonemes in English. Examples of alternative spellings include ‘mm’ > /m/, ‘ss’> /s/, ‘c’ > /s/, ‘g’ > /j/, ‘ay’ > /ae/, ‘ey’ > /ee/. Some of these spelling alternatives occur relatively frequently in the English language, while others are quite rare.
    Tricky Spelling Lessons are used to explicitly call students’ attention to a spelling that can be pronounced and read more than one way. For example, ‘a’ can be pronounced as /a/ (cat), /ae/ (paper), /o/ (father) or /ə/ (about).
    Listening and Learning Strand
    *The students will listen to the teacher read to them and then will ask and answer questions about the text.
    *The students will participate in activities associated with each topic. 

    Kindergarten ELA Listening & Learning Domains

    -Nursery Rhymes and Fables
    -The Five Senses
    -Native American
    -Kings and Queens
    -Seasons and Weather
    -Columbus and the Pilgrims
    -Colonial Towns
    -Taking Care of the Earth