What is Speech Therapy?
"Speech Therapy", as it is commonly called, refers to much more than just working on sounds that a child does not pronounce correctly. While articulation is a portion of what we do, Speech Pathologists work with students in a variety of areas, including:
- Articulation Skills (Speech Production)
- Expressive Language
- Receptive Language
- Pragmatics (Social Skills)
- Auditory Processing Skills (this term combines several areas)
Who Gets Speech Therapy?
Typically, a student is referred for an evaluation by their classroom teacher or another teacher they work with closely. Students who are evaluated and determined to have deficits in some/most of these areas (listed above) which are negatively impacting their educational performance will be considered for Speech Therapy Services. A student can receive services in one of two ways:
- Academic Intervention Services (AIS)- students may receive services through AIS, similar to reading and math.
- Special Education Services (CSE)- students who show need for a more individualized plan of action to address needs may be more appropriate to receive services through the Committee on Special Education. A formal process of referral and evaluation is necessary, which our team will be sure to help you navigate.
What Kinds of Therapy Models are There?
Speech therapy can be done in a variety of ways, some of which include:
- Direct pull-out sessions- this means a student is pulled out of the classroom on a regular basis and works with the therapist in a separate location (typically the therapy room) either on a 1:1 basis or small group to work on skill building.
- Direct Classroom Intervention/Push-in sessions- this is a direct intervention on a regular basis in the classroom setting. The therapist may co-teach a lesson with the general education teacher or provide support for students in the classroom during the lesson.
- Consultative Services- The Speech Pathologist may work with the classroom teacher to implement strategies, modifications, materials and support for students in the classroom. Teacher and therapist collaborate and brainstorm when challenges arise for students in the classroom.
- Monitor Services- The Speech Pathologist checks in on students periodically (weekly, monthly, quarterly) to make sure they are performing in the classroom at an appropriate level with minimal struggling and/or frustration.