Mediaeval period in Europe has often been labeled the Dark Ages, the
Age of Religion, or the Age of Feudalism. In manys, it is all of these
labels and none of these labels.
Task Examine the "Town Life" and click on the "Read More" link that expands the discussion into town governance. How did expanding trade affect town life in the later Middle Ages? How did this trade undermine the feudal order? How did it stimulate the growth of local governments and guilds? What invention spurred civic life? At the end of the Middle Ages, what had begun to disappear in Western Europe?