The Sassanian Empire was a contemporary of the Han and Roman Empires, and in fact outlasted them both.
Task 1. Why did the Sassanian emperor, Shah Shapur I, have the right to call himself “Shahinshah” or ‘King of Kings?” 2. How did the famous rock-cut reliefs devoted to him offer evidence in art and stone of his vast power? 3. Why was this empire nonetheless ripe for later conquest by the armies of Islam?