The Papal Bull 'Unam Sanctam', in which Pope Boniface VIII asserted his rights against King Phillip the Fair of France, is a landmark in the history of the doctrine of Papal Primacy.
Borgia Family - The First Crime Family?
A very interesting site that examine the Borgia's, a powerful Renaissance family.
Gallery Jan Van Eyck
A very good site that shows the transformative art of Jan van Eyck. Perhaps the first true Renaissance Painter.
Jean de Venette on the Progress of the Black Death
A contemporary account of the progress of the Black Death, c.1348.
William Langland (Late 14th Cent.)
A poem that shows the hypocrisy of the Church relative to the poverty of the time.
An excellent collection of Renaissance artists. Examine the attention to detail and subject matter.
A collection of Petrarch's, the father of humanism, an important Renaissance concept, works. Examine them.
Machiavelli: The Prince
The first real political scientist justifies the power of kings, extorting the Medici family to unify Italy.
This site focuses on the explorers from Spain and Portugal.