Following the growth of Latin Christendom in the Medieval period, McKay contends that “Modern Europe” is formed only through a process of secularization. Modern society can only, therefore, develop when religion and politics are separate, unlike Medieval Europe. Spurred on the Bubonic Plague, this process plays out in the Renaissance and the growth of the monarchies.Documents
Study Guide - RenaissanceThis is the study guide for Chapter 12.LecturesThis lecture covers Italian Politics and the Rise of the New Monarchs.VideosIn which John Green teaches you about the European Renaissance. European learning changed the world in the 15th and 16th century, but was it a cultural revolution, or an evolution? We'd argue that any cultural shift that occurs over a couple of hundred years isn't too overwhelming to the people who live through it. In retrospect though, the cultural bloom in Europe during this time was pretty impressive. In addition to investigating what caused the Renaissance and who benefitted from the changes that occurred, John will tell you just how the Ninja Turtles got mixed up in all this.Important Links
- Wikipedia - The Renaissance
A very good overview of the Renaissance with great artistic links.
The Papal Bull 'Unam Sanctam', in which Pope Boniface VIII asserted his rights against King Phillip the Fair of France, is a landmark in the history of the doctrine of Papal Primacy.
Borgia Family - The First Crime Family?
A very interesting site that examine the Borgia's, a powerful Renaissance family.
Gallery Jan Van Eyck
A very good site that shows the transformative art of Jan van Eyck. Perhaps the first true Renaissance Painter.
Jean de Venette on the Progress of the Black Death
A contemporary account of the progress of the Black Death, c.1348.
William Langland (Late 14th Cent.)
A poem that shows the hypocrisy of the Church relative to the poverty of the time.
An excellent collection of Renaissance artists. Examine the attention to detail and subject matter.
A collection of Petrarch's, the father of humanism, an important Renaissance concept, works. Examine them.
Machiavelli: The Prince
The first real political scientist justifies the power of kings, extorting the Medici family to unify Italy.
This site focuses on the explorers from Spain and Portugal.
Renaissance MusicAgnus Dei
Agnus Dei is a Latin term meaning Lamb of God, and was originally used to refer to Jesus Christ in his role of the perfect sacrificial offering that atones for the sins of humanity in Christian theology, harkening back to ancient Jewish Temple sacrifices. In the Mass of the Roman Rite and also in the Eucharist of the Anglican Communion, the Lutheran Church, and the Western Rite of the Orthodox Church the Agnus Dei is the invocation to the Lamb of God sung or recited during the fraction of the Host. It is said to have been introduced into the Mass by Pope Sergius I (687–701).