The Reformation of Christianity in Europe during the 16th century is a period of great intellectual and religious achievement. Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Ignatius Loyola battled for the true practice of Christianity, and this spiritual battle took on political, cultural,and artistic tones.
A good place to examine the Counter Reformation that responded to the criticisms of the Protestants.
Desiderius Erasmus, 1466-1536
Erasmus, a frequent critic of the Catholic Church, heavily criticized its activities in his "In Praise of Folly" listed here.
Martin Luther's 95 Theses
The English translation.
A very good background on this Reformation Reformer. It is interesting to compare him with Luther.
The Life of Ignatius Loyola
The founder of the Society of Jesus, more commonly known as the Jesuits, led the Catholic Counter-Reformation to combat the spread of Protestantism.
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy. He tried to unite Europe.
This is a fun website that lets you crack the code that led to the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots by her sister, Queen Elizabeth.
This is a fun site in which you participate in a which hunt.