European New Imperialism
, 1850 - 1914
From 1850 - 1914, Europe expanded its colonial empires to
encompass most of the world. Dominating areas that previously had
proven difficult to reach, and therefore control, Europe's empires
radically shifted patterns. Imperialists in Europe clamored for
territory, urging their governments to push further to acquire more
territory, using the philosophies of the Victorians to justify their
DocumentsImperialism Diary Project
This is a copy of the European New Imperialism Diary Project.
In which John
Green teaches you about European Imperialism in the 19th century.
European powers started to create colonial empires way back in the 16th
century, but businesses really took off in the 19th century,
especially in Asia and Africa. During the 1800s, European powers carved
out spheres of influence in China, India, and pretty much all of
Africa. While all of the major (and some minor) powers in Europe
participated in this new imperialism, England was by far the most
dominant, once able to claim that the "sun never set on the British
Empire." Also, they went to war for the right to continue to sell opium
to the people of China. Twice. John will teach you how these empires
managed to leverage the advances of the Industrial Revolution to build
vast, wealth-generating empires. As it turns out, improved medicine,
steam engines, and better guns were crucial in the 19th century
conquests. Also, the willingness to exploit and abuse the people and
resources of so-called "primitive" nations was very helpful in the
In which John
Green teaches you about Nationalism. Nationalism was everywhere in the
19th century, as people all over the world carved new nation-states out
of old empires. Nationalist leaders changed the way people thought of
themselves and the places they lived by reinventing education, military
service, and the relationship between government and governed. In
Japan, the traditional feudal society underwent a long transformation
over the course of about 300 years to become a modern nation-state.
John follows the course of Japanese history from the emergence of the
Tokugawa Shogunate to the Meiji Restoration, and covers Nationalism in
many other countries along the way. All this, plus a special guest
appearance, plus the return of an old friend on a extra-special episode
of Crash Course.
you are listening to the classic British Patriotic song, "Rule
Britannia." It embodies the spirit of the New Imperial era.