The Development of Nationalism,(1850 - 1870)
Following the outbreak and crushing of the French Revolution, nationalism developed throughout Europe and Latin America. In the process, reshaping the map of Europe, and setting the stage for World War One.VideosIdeas like liberty, freedom, and self-determination were hot stuff in the late 18th century, as evidenced by our recent revolutionary videos. Although freedom was breaking out all over, many of the societies that were touting these ideas relied on slave labor. Few places in the world relied so heavily on slave labor as Saint-Domingue, France's most profitable colony. Slaves made up nearly 90% of Saint-Domingue's population, and in 1789 they couldn't help but hear about the revolution underway in France. All the talk of liberty, equality, and fraternity sounds pretty good to a person in bondage, and so the slaves rebelled. This led to not one but two revolutions, and ended up with France, the rebels, Britain, and Spain all fighting in the territory. Spoiler alert: the slaves won. So how did the slaves of what would become Haiti throw off the yoke of one of the world's great empires? John Green tells how they did it, and what it has meant in Haiti and in the rest of the world.In which John Green talks about the many revolutions of Latin America in the 19th century. At the beginning of the 1800s, Latin America was firmly under the control of Spain and Portugal. The revolutionary zeal that had recently created the United States and had taken off Louis XVI's head in France arrived in South America, and a racially diverse group of people who felt more South American than European took over. John covers the soft revolution of Brazil, in which Prince Pedro boldly seized power from his father, but promised to give it back if King João ever returned to Brazil. He also covers the decidedly more violent revolutions in Mexico, Venezuela, and Argentina. Watch the video to see Simón Bolívar's dream of a United South America crushed, even as he manages to liberate a bunch of countries and get two currencies and about a thousand schools and parks named after him.Important LinksWikipedia - Nationalism
This provides a simple overview of the concept.
Wikipedia - Otto von Bismarck
Chancellor Bismarck led the drive for German unification.
Wikipedia - The German Empire
The development of the German Empire radically changed Europe.
Italian unification, while earlier than Germany, was not as much of an earthquake than Germany's unification.
Marxists Internet Archive
This site compiles many different sources of Marxist thought.
Italian Unification Video
This video was created by Tom Lenihan, a Social Studies Teacher in Yorktown, Virginia. It runs for about 5 minutes.Music of the Nationalist AgeDas Deutschlandlied ("The Song of Germany", also known as Das Lied der Deutschen, "The Song of the Germans") has been used wholly or partially as the national anthem of Germany since 1922. Outside Germany it is sometimes known by the opening words and refrain of the first stanza, Deutschland über alles (Germany above all), but this has never been its title.