A concussion “is a type of traumatic brain injury that results from a bump, blow or jolt to the head, or by a hit to the body, that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, stretching and damaging brain cells and creating chemical changes in the brain.”
The Concussion Management and Awareness Act (Chapter 496 of the laws of New York 2011) requires that consent forms (required for participation in interscholastic athletics) contain information on concussions and/or reference how to obtain information on concussions from the New York State Education Department and NYS Department of Health.
As part of this Concussion and Management Act, school districts must inform and make parents and students-athletes aware of concussions. Below is the NYSPHSAA fact sheet, "Concussions: The Invisible Injury" (either by .pdf download or readable below) with information on concussions. Please read through information carefully and thoroughly.
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Concussions: The Invisible Injury
Student and Parent Information Sheet
FACTS ABOUT CONCUSSIONS ACCORDING TO THE CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL (CDC)
- School coaches and physical education teachers must complete the CDC course.
- School nurses and certified athletic trainers must complete the concussion course.
Removal from athletics:
Symptoms of a concussion are the result of a temporary change in the brain’s function. In most cases, the symptoms of a concussion generally resolve over a short period of time; however, in some cases, symptoms will last for weeks or longer. Children and adolescents are more susceptible to concussions and take longer than adults to recover.
It is imperative that any student who is suspected of having a concussion is removed from athletic activity (e.g. recess, PE class, sports) and remains out of such activities until evaluated and cleared to return to activity by a physician.
Symptoms include, but are not limited to:
Students who develop any of the following signs, or if signs and symptoms worsen, should be seen and evaluated immediately at the nearest hospital emergency room.
Schools are advised to develop a written concussion management policy. A sample policy is available on the NYSPHSAA web site at www.nysphsaa.org. The policy should include:
Cognitive Rest: Activities students should avoid include, but are not limited to, the following:
Students may only be able to attend school for short periods of time. Accommodations may have to be made for missed tests and assignments.
Physical Rest: Activities students should avoid include, but are not limited to, the following:
Return to Play Protocol once symptom free for 24 hours and cleared by School Medical Director:
Day 1: Low impact, non strenuous, light aerobic activity.
Day 2: Higher impact, higher exertion, moderate aerobic activity. No resistance training.
Day 3: Sport specific non-contact activity. Low resistance weight training with a spotter.
Day 4: Sport specific activity, non-contact drills. Higher resistance weight training with a spotter.
Day 5: Full contact training drills and intense aerobic activity.
Day 6: Return to full activities with clearance from School Medical Director.
Any return of symptoms during the return to play protocol, the student will return to previous day’s activities until symptom free.
Schools may, at their discretion, form a concussion management team to implement and monitor the concussion management policy and program. The team could include, but is not limited to, the following:
National Federation of High Schools – The FREE Concussion Management course does not meet education requirement.Brain Injury Association of New York State